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Permission to Reprint

Permission to reproduce any article or a substantial portion (more than 500 words) of text from any HFES-copyrighted periodical or book, or any figure or table, must come from the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. Republication or systematic or multiple reproduction of any material from HFES publications is permitted only under license from HFES. To reproduce material from any HFES periodical (journals, conference proceedings), go to https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/journals-permissions.

Address inquiries to the Communications Director, Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, P.O. Box 1369, Santa Monica, CA 90406-1369 USA. tel: 310/394-1811. fax: 310/ 394-2410.

HFES Fair Use Policy

Individual readers of HFES books and periodicals, and nonprofit libraries acting for them, are freely permitted to make fair use of the material in them, such as to copy an article for use in teaching or research. Permission is granted to quote excerpts from articles with the customary acknowledgment of the source, including the author's name and the publication title, year, volume, and page.